Determination of drainage coefficient and bundheight of rice fields at Gaya and Bhagalpur districts in Bihar
Determination of Drainage Coefficient and Bund Height of Rice Fields at Gaya and Bhagalpur Districts in Bihar
Rainfall plays an important role in agricultural production, particularly in rainfed areas. Less occurrence of rainfall causes drought like situation and crops suffer due to deficit of water, whereas heavy rainfall occurring for longer duration lead to flood like situation resulting in more runoff, soil erosion and crop damage. Rice can sustain water for little longer period compared to other crops, but this crop also needs drainage. 30 years daily rainfall data was collected at Gaya and Bhagalpur districts and analyzed. Two parameter Gamma distribution model was found fitting well in 1 to 7 consecutive days maximum rainfall corresponding to return periods varying from 5 to 20 years. In order to determine drainage coefficient at Gaya and Bhagalpur districts, depth-duration-return period curves were developed. Tangents were drawn on the curves from 100 mm and 150 mm points and slope of these tangents gave the drainage coefficients corresponding to these rain water storage levels. Since 10 years return period is generally considered in design of agricultural structures, so the point on Y axis, where tangent drawn on the curves of 10 years return period crosses, gives the bund height. For both Gaya and Bhagalpur bund heights were found as 24 cm and corresponding drainage coefficients as 12.5 and 25 mm/day.